Brazil’s large area comprises different ecosystems, which together sustain some of the world’s greatest biodiversity.
Due to its intense economic and demographic growth, Brazil’s ability to protect its environmental habitats has increasingly come under threat.
The environment of Brazil is characterized by great biodiversity. The Amazon forest is the largest on the planet, conditioned by the humid equatorial climate. It accounts for 35% of forest areas on Earth. Around 60% of Brazil is covered by the Amazon forest, which contains around 55 000 species of plants.
The Atlantic Forest, located along Brazil’s coast, is one of the world’s most biodiverse ecosystems. It once covered nearly 1,5 million km2.
Brazil is also home to the Amazon River Basin, the largest rainforest on Earth. Hot and humid both day and night, the Amazon River Basin is home to thousands of plant and animal species, as well as countless others that have yet to be discovered. Despite this diversity, the Amazon rainforest is also a major carbon sink, storing vast quantities of carbon dioxide.
The project is located north of Baía Formosa, the most eastern town in the Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Norte, in the north-east of the country. This location gives the state a strategic importance, being the closest Brazilian state to Europe.
The region is known for its attractive climate. It records over 300 days of sunshine every year and has one of the best air qualities in the world.
Originally, Fazenda Estrela was used as a coconut plantation and, as a result, 47 thousand coconut trees create the unique site landscape. The northern part of the property borders with the river Curimatau and is relatively flat, whereas the southern part is characterized by sand dunes offering attractive views of the natural settings on one side and the sea on the other. Due to the remote location and the nature surrounding the project site as well direct beach access, it benefits from unobstructed views.
The project site offers vast potential for various water sports activities such as kite surfing, surfing, sailing, etc. In addition, a diverse environment including the beach, the Private Natural Heritage Reserve Mata Estrela and the mangroves offer the possibility to organize buggy rides, horse riding, walking and kayak tours. Moreover, the clear water and relatively short distance to the edge of the continental shelf provide good conditions for scuba diving.
The “Arteco Estrela” project offers a magnificent natural setting for a coastal resort. The project embraces the sites’ character and positive qualities to give residents and visitors a unique and varied experience. Restoration is key to the project as it enhancing the different landscapes that configure this beautiful property. The resort, along with non-branded luxury residences by the beach side, and a natural restoration site by the salt marshes create a dialogue between lifestyle and sense of place. The project is filled with activities that recognize the wind, the sun and the sand, the organic geometry of a coconut growth and the rolling topography that contains them, the value of preservation and the great gift of giving back to the community. The “Arteco Estrela” project is to become a thriving and diverse community that will offer the best of experiences to all who want to explore.
The nearest international airport to Arteco Estrela Baía Formosa is Natal (99 km by highway). Opened in June 2014, it has high standards and capacity for up to 6,2 million passengers per year. Its proximity to Europe and Africa make it the shortest and most fuel-efficient destination for aeroplanes crossing the Atlantic. Rio Grande do Norte’s government has offered incentives to encourage airlines to choose Natal (it reduced the fuel tax to 12% for scheduled domestic flights, 9% for international flights and abolished it for charter flights in 2015). Natal airport is currently privately owned and operated by Inframerica, which also operates Brasilia International Airport and is one of the largest private airport operators worldwide. More and more airlines are flying to Brazil. For instance, in August 2018, Norwegian Air received the go-ahead to operate flights in and out of Brazil.
The Arteco Estrela project site is easily accessible by car. The site can be reached from both the Natal and João Pessoa airports via the modern and comfortable 101 Federal Highway. Natal is within a one-hour drive (in favourable traffic conditions; about 99 km). João Pessoa International Airport can be reached in 60–70 minutes (in favourable traffic conditions; about 106 km).
Natal airport will undergo significant modernisation to increase passenger capacity.
The airport currently receives around 2,6 million passengers per year. This is expected to rise to 6,2 million in 2024 and 11 million in 2038, with investments of close to R$ 560 million.
In the second phase, its capacity will be increased to 11 million passengers per year – the expected demand in 2038. Total investment over the 28-year concession period will amount to R$ 650 million.